It’s no surprise that most Nigerians would mention certain countries they’ll love to relocate to, the most prominent being Canada.
With their immigration policies and application processes, one can say that Canada favours Nigerians who seek visas into the country.
Whether it’s school, work or permanent residency one intends to travel for, it has become easier for Nigerians to immigrate to the North American country.
Compared to other countries, immigration costs are quite cheaper for Canada. This also depends on your family size and the type of application process you opt for.
It is quite important that anyone who seeks residency must have a certain amount in their bank account before travelling.
The reason for this is that things might be difficult especially if no company in Canada have not offered you any prior employment.
Why Do Nigerians Relocate to Canada?
According to Nairametrics, data showed that over 18,000 Nigerians received permanent residency in 3 years (2018 – 2020).
We expect even more from Nigerians in 2021, as Canada was said to have received a record high of 401,396 immigrants in 2021.
The World Bank did state that 50% of Nigerians are willing to move abroad to realize their “hopes” for a better life irrespective of the routes.
Looking at past details, most Nigerians travel for educational purposes. Now they travel abroad because they believe they will find better opportunities to reward their efforts.
The reasons for this rapid move in changing residency could beat a host of things which include inflation effects, the need for immigrants by the host country, and the state of the economy.
All around the world, countries are filling the effect of high inflation rates.
Food prices are surging higher and higher, transport costs are increasingly becoming unbearable and there’s a disruption in the supply chain.
The effects are mildly felt by some while heavily affected. This alone gives Nigerians a reason to immigrate and seek life somewhere else.
In November last year, Nigeria’s inflation rate was about 15.4%while Canada had an inflation rate of 4.7%.
The balancing of the two shows that the inflation of Canada is better than that of Nigeria.
The Need for Immigrants:
Looking at the map of Canada, you can see the vast area of land Canada possesses. With this, the population of Canada is about a 38million and hence need more skilled labour.
They require this to harness whatever natural resources they might seem to have. The very reason Canada opens its doors to immigrants and why Nigerians find it to be a brilliant choice.
State of the Economy:
The state of every economy would also play a vital role in one’s immigration decisions. As it is, everyone can say the economy of Canada is far better than that of Nigeria.
The reward for labour is the major parameter for a sound economy here. Better pay for jobs done compared to that of Nigeria.
How Do I Relocate to Canada?
One of the many unique things about gaining entry to Canada is its multiple immigration processes. There isn’t just one way to gain a Canadian Visa.
This is a major reason why most Nigerians prefer there as their first immigration destination before considering any other country.
This process seems to be the most common method via which Nigerians tend to gain visas into Canada.
Created by I.R.C.C. (Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada), this process is aimed at granting visas to skilled foreigners.
It gives immigrants the opportunity to become Canadian citizens along with their close family members.
Provincial Nomination Programs (PNPs):
PNPs were designed and are being managed by 11 provincial and territorial governments. These 11 programs include British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territory, Nova Scotia, Manitoba Provincial, etc.
Nominations from any of these programs give immigrants a higher chance of obtaining permanent residency.
The application fees are quite different for each province and can also change from year to year. In order to qualify for nomination, usually one must meet the required settlement funds for that particular province.
The settlement funds depend on the cost of living in the region. Although things have become slightly different now as applicants need to meet the IRCC settlement funds instead.
Right of Permanent Residence:
The Right of Permanent Residence is more of an outright request to be a citizen of Canada. With this, you get the right to live in Canada for 5 years.
At the expiration of these 5 years, you may choose to extend your stay. Although you must have physically lived in Canada for at least 3 years for the extension.
This process isn’t a permanent one, just for those who are willing to experience the country for a short while.
The purpose might include school or even tourism, but it gives one an idea of what Canada is. Such experiences are factors a Nigerian would consider before applying for permanent residency.
This also gives a visitor a greater chance at seeking permanent residency.
How Much Does It Cost
Just as there are various ways to relocate to Canada, so does the cost vary. The varying costs depend on a range of factors including Province, size of family, etc.
It’s imperative to be ready financially especially if there isn’t prior employment after the first three months. Below is an estimated cost for each process:-
The cost incurred for Express Entry only begins once an Invitation to Apply (ITA) has been received by the applicant. The prospective resident then submits an application after creating a profile.
There are no fees required to create a profile but a CAD825 (825 Canadian Dollars) Visa processing fee is then required.
The processing fee covers both the applicant and his/her partner or spouse. If a child is to be further included for the Visa, an additional CAD225 per child is to be paid.
Provincial Nomination Programs:
This program is different from Express Entry as fees vary based on the province you get nominated from.
The fees are paid in addition to the federal immigration fees required for permanent residency.
The highest possible settlement fund is the Ontario PNP Settlement Funds which is CAD12,164 for a single person.
Again, this also increases with the number of people you would be travelling with. Other provinces are either lower or the same as that of Ontario.
Right of Permanent Residence:
For the right of permanent residence, fees cost CAD500 per adult applicant. Immigrants may choose to pay this fee at the same time as the application fees are being paid.
This would avoid delays during processing. A refund will definitely be made if your application is not approved.
The successful application automatically makes you a Canadian permanent resident.
These visas also vary in cost depending on your purpose of visit. Nigerians who tend to visit Canada temporarily must submit documents of medical examination and language proficiency test.
A breakdown of the different documents needed, and their respective costs are given below:
- Study Permit – CAD150
- Work Permit – CAD155
- Visitor Visa – CAD100
- Family Visitor Visa – CAD500
- Working Holiday Visa – CAD153
- Education Verification – CAD160 for a course-by-course evaluation and CAD100 for a document-by-document evaluation
In general, it usually costs a single applicant approximately CAD15,420 and CAD20,000 for a couple to immigrate to Canada.
This includes government fees, minimum funds requirements and other expenses.
Is it Worthwhile to Relocate to Canada?
Most of the reasons Nigerians decide to relocate to other countries is due to the depleting nature of the Nigerian economy.
Any country with a better economy seems to be a better option, right? Well, it isn’t the case all the time. Sometimes more than just a better economy is needed.
Factors such as language and communication, security and racial violence, food, climate, are parts of what affects as well.
those who have already made their way to the North American country, can attest to having a positive experience based on the above-mentioned factors.
Just as the USA, Canada has a mixed racial demographic giving Nigerians a green light to seek permanent residency.
Its English-speaking community makes it a friendly area for Nigerians, and their climate is conducive enough to reside in.
Annually, thousands of Nigerians travel to Canada because of the high rate of unemployment and insecurity. As well as the rate of poverty.
Nigerians do relocate to countries that tend to give a better reward to their citizens. In Canada, there is access to better healthcare as well.
All these should be enough reasons for one as a Nigerian to consider Canada as a travel destination for permanency.
Can I Get a Canadian Visa without IELTS
Language proficiency in the application process for Canadian Visa is without a doubt very necessary.
Canada’s official languages are English and French, and immigrants must prove they are fluent in either of the two. The only case where language proficiency isn’t needed is for those seeking temporary visas.
There are also various language proficiency tests one can take asides from IELTS. These include CELPIP, TEF and TCF. For IELTS, the minimum score average required is 7 as you’ll be tested on Writing, Reading and Speaking.
A lot of Nigerians think gaining visas to other parts of the world is for a certain class of people.
Some even tend to think it’s almost impossible for Nigerians or probably even rocket science, funny right? The truth is, information is the key.
That which you don’t know is what could save you a lot of stress and resources.
While some spend huge sums of money on travel agents without getting real value for their money, others adequately plan.
It’s important to be sure of how much is required to obtain permanent residency in Canada via the various processes. You definitely did not want to end up paying unnecessary fees.
This is very likely to happen especially if you do not have any idea of the process involved. This also applies to the documents required.
Yes, the fees could be really expensive for some, but all one needs to achieve this is proper planning. With the right knowledge, a typical Nigerian can see the possibility of getting a Canadian Visa.
The thought of knowing that it is achievable would get you more serious about living your dreams. Dreams of studying in Canada or even going there for the holidays.
Immigrating to have a better life in a better economy is possible and that’s why we decided to have this article.
To make you understand what it entails and how it can be done irrespective of your background.
The Canadian government has opened their doors to the world, especially if you believe you have something to offer. Don’t wait to hear stories, tell the story.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Is there a general processing fee?
- There is a CAD1,325 permanent resident federal processing fee.
Is there a maximum number for family members/relatives to apply with?
- No, there isn’t. But for every family member or relative who applies alongside, an extra CAD3,492 is required as minimum funds.
Can one sponsor a sibling to gain permanent residency in Canada?
- No. personal must have a qualifying relationship with someone in Canada. Qualifying relationships include marriage.
Is there a maximum age for application?
- No. Although the younger you are, the higher your chances at gaining points for immigration using Express Entry and PNPs.
It takes how long to process a Canadian Visa?
- Visa processing time isn’t fixed, but changes based on each specific case. It can actually take anywhere between two and four weeks, or even more.
Can I reapply if my initial application is declined?
- Yes, you can. Just make sure that all factors that disqualified you initially have been sorted out.
Can one get job offers before applying for permanent residency?
- Yes. Quite a number of Canadian businesses are open to employing foreigners as long as you meet the minimum requirements.